Common health issues
- In addition to producing more oil than your average cat, the Sphynx breed also produces more ceruminous debris (or earwax). Care should be taken to clean the ears regularly to prevent ear infections, otherwise known as otitis externa. Ear infections are usually controlled with topical medication, though if the infection goes into the middle ear, oral medications will be indicated.
- Atopy refers to skin allergies caused by inhaled or contact allergens. Just like us, our dogs can be allergic to pollen, dander, grasses and trees. Their allergies result in itchiness that can be seasonal or year-round. Affected dogs are prone to ear and skin infections. The condition varies in severity but is usually lifelong and often requires constant medical management.
- Chronic Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. If it severe enough to cause decreased liver function, affected dogs will have decreased protein production, a decreased ability to clear toxins from the blood and may have problems with bleeding due to low amounts of coagulation factors. Lifelong medical therapy is needed in severe cases.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a cardiac condition that Boxers are prone to develop. In this adult onset disease, cardiac muscle responsible for pumping the heart is replaced with fatty tissue, leading to dysfunction of the heart, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. Medical treatment centers on normalizing the heart rate and rhythm.
Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia
- In this life-threatening condition, the body's immune system attacks it's own red blood cells, leading to anemia (low levels of red blood cells). IMHA can be secondary to other diseases, but the majority of the cases occur with no known cause. Diagnosis and treatment are costly, and treatment usually requires a lengthy hospital stay.