american curl breed information

common health issues

In addition to producing more oil than your average cat, the Sphynx breed also produces more ceruminous debris (or earwax). Care should be taken to clean the ears regularly to prevent ear infections, otherwise known as otitis externa. Ear infections are usually controlled with topical medication, though if the infection goes into the middle ear, oral medications will be indicated.
The cells of the body need sugar to function and need insulin to carry sugar in through their walls. Diabetic animals do not have enough insulin to transport sugar into the cells, resulting in high blood sugar and starving cells. Treatment entails the lifelong administration of insulin shots, and usually requires frequent trips to the vet for rechecks.
Hyperthyroidism is a condition of increased thyroid hormone caused by a benign thyroid tumor. It is the most common hormone imbalance seen in cats, and its hallmark clinical sign is weight loss despite a normal or increased appetite. The disease can be controlled with medication or cured with radiotherapy.
Just like in the dog, feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart walls become thickened, making it difficult for the heart to pump properly. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can lead to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, and blood clots. Symptoms include heart murmurs and coughing, but sudden death can occur with no clinical signs.
Glaucoma is characterized by an elevation of pressure inside the eye. High pressure in the eye causes extreme discomfort and may lead to an enlarged, bulging eye and result in blindness. Treatment for glaucoma consists of life-long medical therapy, and often requires surgical removal of the affected eye. Long term prognosis for vision in the affected eye is poor.

The first American Curl was born in 1981, when a stray black longhaired kitten with curled ears was found in California and named “Shulamith”. Half of the kittens in her first litter also shared the curled ear quality, which is a dominant genetic mutation. Kittens are born with normal looking ears, but within a few days, the tips begin to curl backwards toward the center of the head.

American Curls can have long or short hair, and come in a wide range of colors and patterns. They are friendly and polite and love human companionship.

The American Curl is a relatively healthy breed. Because Shulamith and the early American Curls were bred with native domestic cats, they may be prone to common feline hereditary and congenital conditions that can adversely affect their health – not to mention your budget. Some of the conditions and illnesses American Curls are prone to include eye conditions such as glaucoma; thyroid conditions such as hyperthyroidism; chronic conditions such as diabetes; ear infections such as otitis externa; and heart conditions such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Thankfully, Petplan pet insurance covers all hereditary and chronic conditions as standard. Which means if your American Curl inherits more than just a pair of curled-back ears, you’re covered.

Use the condition checker tool to learn what common conditions your pet may have.

claim calculator

  • your share of the cost: $450
  • Petplan's reimbursement to you: $1,550
  • coverage remaining in policy period: Unlimited
    (full policy limits are reinstated upon renewal)