american eskimo dog breed information

American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog is a member of the Nordic breeds, and is probably a descendent of European Spitz-type dogs, which were commonly the companions of German immigrants. These dogs were originally bred to guard and protect their masters and their property, and this watchdog heritage is alive and well in the current breed.

Originally known as the American Spitz in this country, its name was changed in 1917. This breed is quite a stunner with its shiny white coat and happy expression. Their beauty and grace combined with their above-average intelligence saw them excel as trick-dogs in traveling circuses in the early 1900s. In fact, many of the American Eskimo Dogs owned today can trace their lines back to the circus.

American Eskimo Dogs are friendly but alert, and will not hesitate to notify an owner of the approach of a stranger given their watchdog heritage. They are quick learners and do well with obedience and agility training. A high-energy breed, they need daily exercise to keep their bodies and minds healthy. Their double coats need regular bathing and grooming.

Despite their penchant for performing, American Eskimo Dogs are still prone to a number of hereditary and congenital conditions that can adversely affect their health – not to mention your budget. Some of the conditions and illnesses they are prone to include eye conditions such as progressive retinal atrophy; joint problems such as elbow and hip dysplasia, Legg-Calves-Perthes disease and luxating patellas; hearing problems including deafness; and blood disorders like pyruvate kinase deficiency.

Thankfully, Petplan pet insurance covers all hereditary and chronic conditions as standard. Which means if your American Eskimo Dog inherits anything more than an energetic personality, you’re covered.

Common health issues

Use the condition checker tool to learn what common conditions your pet may have.

Pet Type