american eskimo dog breed information

common health issues

Inherited deafness in one or both ears occurs due to the degeneration of the structures of the inner ear. It usually occurs within the first few weeks of birth. Deafness is tied to coat color, especially in merle pups, and has an association with blue eyes. Hearing tests can be conducted at referral centers or veterinary schools, but inherited deafness is permanent and cannot be cured.
Pyruvate kinase deficiency is a disease of red blood cell metabolism. A shortened red blood cell life span leads to anemia and can eventually lead to cirrhosis of the liver. Exercise intolerance, pale mucous membranes and weakness can signal anemia. Untreated, this condition is fatal either due to anemia or liver failure. Treatment is possible with a bone marrow transplant.
Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.
Also known as aseptic necrosis of the femoral head, Legg-Calve-Perthes is a disease of the femoral head (or ball) of the hip and causes lameness in young, small breed dogs. The blood supply to the femoral head is cut off, causing the bone to die. Treatment inevitably requires surgery to the affected hip.
A luxating patella is a knee cap that moves out of its groove � sometimes referred to as a "trick knee". It is usually caused by several inherited factors including a shallow patella groove. In individuals with moderate or severe disease, surgical correction in often recommended to prevent a progression that includes severe lameness, chronic pain and thickening of the knee.
The retina is responsible for transmitting light to the brain where it is interpreted as an image. PRA causes deterioration of retinal cells and causes blindness. It can affect puppies as young as a few weeks old, or may appear later in life. There is no treatment or cure, but blind dogs usually can lead quite happy lives.

The American Eskimo Dog is a member of the Nordic breeds, and is probably a descendent of European Spitz-type dogs, which were commonly the companions of German immigrants. These dogs were originally bred to guard and protect their masters and their property, and this watchdog heritage is alive and well in the current breed.

Originally known as the American Spitz in this country, its name was changed in 1917. This breed is quite a stunner with its shiny white coat and happy expression. Their beauty and grace combined with their above-average intelligence saw them excel as trick-dogs in traveling circuses in the early 1900s. In fact, many of the American Eskimo Dogs owned today can trace their lines back to the circus.

American Eskimo Dogs are friendly but alert, and will not hesitate to notify an owner of the approach of a stranger given their watchdog heritage. They are quick learners and do well with obedience and agility training. A high-energy breed, they need daily exercise to keep their bodies and minds healthy. Their double coats need regular bathing and grooming.

Despite their penchant for performing, American Eskimo Dogs are still prone to a number of hereditary and congenital conditions that can adversely affect their health – not to mention your budget. Some of the conditions and illnesses they are prone to include eye conditions such as progressive retinal atrophy; joint problems such as elbow and hip dysplasia, Legg-Calves-Perthes disease and luxating patellas; hearing problems including deafness; and blood disorders like pyruvate kinase deficiency.

Thankfully, Petplan pet insurance covers all hereditary and chronic conditions as standard. Which means if your American Eskimo Dog inherits anything more than an energetic personality, you’re covered.

Use the condition checker tool to learn what common conditions your pet may have.

claim calculator

  • your share of the cost: $450
  • Petplan's reimbursement to you: $1,550
  • coverage remaining in policy period: Unlimited
    (full policy limits are reinstated upon renewal)