Common health issues
- The cerebellum is the part of the brain that is responsible for regulating and coordinating the body's movement. Affected dogs are normal at birth, but the cerebellar cells deteriorate prematurely. Symptoms include poor coordination, lack of balance and a high-stepping gait. At this time, there is no treatment for this progressive disease.
- A luxating patella is a knee cap that moves out of its groove � sometimes referred to as a "trick knee". It is usually caused by several inherited factors including a shallow patella groove. In individuals with moderate or severe disease, surgical correction in often recommended to prevent a progression that includes severe lameness, chronic pain and thickening of the knee.
- Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.
- Elbow dysplasia is actually a collective term which refers to the effects of one or more diseases of the elbow joint which result in pain and arthritis. Many of these problems can affect both elbows and result in forelimb lameness and elbow pain, often requiring surgical correction.
- Clinical signs of hypothyroidism are caused by a decrease in normal thyroid activity. In congenital hypothyroidism, puppies will have stunted growth and other abnormalities. A blood test confirms the disease and treatment with thyroid hormone supplements is lifelong.
- Distichiasis is a condition in which extra hairs grow out of the area of the eyelashes. These hairs can be thick and stiff and can irritate the eye, resulting in painful corneal ulcers. There are several options for treatment, but the most common is cryosurgery to freeze the eyelid margin where the extra hairs are. Even with treatment, this condition can recur.