Common health issues
Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart walls become thickened, making it difficult for the heart to pump properly. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can lead to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias and blood clots. Symptoms include heart murmurs and coughing.
- Glaucoma is characterized by an elevation of pressure inside the eye. High pressure in the eye causes extreme discomfort and may lead to an enlarged, bulging eye and result in blindness. Treatment for glaucoma consists of life-long medical therapy, and often requires surgical removal of the affected eye. Long term prognosis for vision in the affected eye is poor.
- A dermoid is a growth of skin tissue in an unusual place. In the case of ocular dermoids, this abnormal growth occurs on the cornea or conjunctiva of the eye. The growth appears as a patch of skin, which may or may not have hair, growing on the or around the eye. Surgical removal is curative.
- Prolapsed gland of the third eyelid, or "Cherry Eye", is a condition in which the gland of the third eyelid slips out of place and becomes noticeable as a red mass in the corner of the eye. Correction of the condition requires surgery to replace the gland and tack it down to prevent recurrence.
- A dermoid is a growth of skin tissue in an unusual place. In this case, the abnormal growth is found in the nasal passage, and like an ocular dermoid, may be haired skin. Surgical removal is recommended, as nasal dermoids often lead to upper respiratory infections or abscesses.
- The cells of the body need sugar to function and need insulin to carry sugar in through their walls. Diabetic animals do not have enough insulin to transport sugar into the cells, resulting in high blood sugar and starving cells. Treatment entails the lifelong administration of insulin shots, and usually requires frequent trips to the vet for rechecks.