central asian ovtcharka breed information

common health issues

The cranial cruciate ligament is one of the ligaments stabilizing the knee joint. Rupture of this ligament leads to joint instability and is the most common orthopedic problem in the dog. Pain and lameness result from both partial and full cruciate ligament tears, and surgery is recommended to prevent progression of joint disease.
Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.
Entropion describes the inward rolling of the eyelid, often causing the eyelashes to come into contact with the eyeball and cause irritation and often ulceration. Many affected dogs will require surgical correction and severe cases may require multiple surgeries.
Elbow dysplasia is actually a collective term which refers to the effects of one or more diseases of the elbow joint which result in pain and arthritis. Many of these problems can affect both elbows and result in forelimb lameness and elbow pain, often requiring surgical correction.

The Central Asian Ovtcharka, or Central Asian Shepherd Dog, is an ancient Russian breed that developed largely by natural selection. A large dog descended from the ancient dogs of Tibet and cattle dogs from local nomadic tribes, he was originally used to protect cattle, caravans and the dwellings of his owners, and was well-conditioned for the hard living his environment provided.

Today, the Central Asian Ovtcharka remains strong and fearless with a high drive for work. Naturally wary of strangers, he is nevertheless capable of forming extremely strong bonds with his owners. The breed as a whole is highly independent and may prove to be a challenge when it comes to training, so a strong, gentle hand will get the best results. He is probably not an ideal choice for a first-time dog owner.

This dog needs plenty of room to move around, as well as plenty of exercise, so apartment living is not for him. His grooming needs are about average – an occasional bath and brush when needed is all that is required.

Fearlessness aside, Central Asian Ovtcharkas are still prone to hereditary and congenital conditions which may adversely affect their health – as well as your family budget. Some of the conditions and illnesses Central Asian Ovtcharkas are prone to include joint problems such as elbow and hip dysplasia and cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture; as well as eye conditions such as entropion.

Thankfully, Petplan pet insurance covers all hereditary and chronic conditions as standard. Which means if your Central Asian Ovtcharka inherits more a hardworking attitude, you’re protected.

Use the condition checker tool to learn what common conditions your pet may have.

claim calculator

  • your share of the cost: $450
  • Petplan's reimbursement to you: $1,550
  • coverage remaining in policy period: Unlimited
    (full policy limits are reinstated upon renewal)