The Coton de Tulear was developed on the island of Madagascar and is still the national dog
there. It is rumored that the dogs were first brought to the island by pirates in the 16th and 17th centuries, though other stories of the breed’s history seem to be untrue. For example, this small white dog never ran wild on the island, nor did it hunt wild boar or alligators.
The Coton is not recognized by the American Kennel Club, and therefore cannot compete in AKC dog shows. The AKC has offered Foundation Stock Service to the breed since 1996, which is the first step in official breed recognition.
The Coton de Tulear is an intelligent, quiet breed with a gentle, loving temperament. They make wonderful companion dogs to families with both two-legged and four-legged children, and are as easy to train as they are eager to please.
Their “cottony” hair coat is continuously growing, making them a “hypoallergenic” breed similar to the Havanese or Poodle, but also requiring more maintenance than your average dog. Daily brushing and exercise will help keep this affectionate breed happy and healthy.
Affectionate personality aside, Cotons are still prone to a number of hereditary and congenital conditions that can adversely affect their health - and your family’s budget. Some of the conditions and illnesses Coton de Tulears are prone to include eye conditions such as retinal dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and lipid keratopathy; neurological conditions like cerebellar abiotrophy; and deafness.
Thankfully, Petplan pet insurance covers all hereditary and chronic conditions as standard. Which means if your Coton has the misfortune of inheriting more than a fluffy coat, you’re protected.