Common health issues
- Hemophilia A is a bleeding disorder due to a deficiency in a specific clotting factor. The deficiency in Hemophilia A is of factor VIII, and it is much more common than the more serious Hemophilia B. Dogs with Hemophilia A may experience few or no clinical signs but may require periodic treatment.
- Distichiasis is a condition in which extra hairs grow out of the area of the eyelashes. These hairs can be thick and stiff and can irritate the eye, resulting in painful corneal ulcers. There are several options for treatment, but the most common is cryosurgery to freeze the eyelid margin where the extra hairs are. Even with treatment, this condition can recur.
- Entropion describes the inward rolling of the eyelid, often causing the eyelashes to come into contact with the eyeball and cause irritation and often ulceration. Many affected dogs will require surgical correction and severe cases may require multiple surgeries.
- Brachycephalic Syndrome is a collection of conformational issues specific to short nosed pets, including narrowed nostrils, elongated soft palate, and a narrowed trachea, often resulting in respiratory problems. Clinical signs of this condition can be managed conservatively, but often surgery is needed to allow the dog to breathe easier.
- Cataracts describes the transparency of the lens in the eye.While cataracts are a common finding in older dogs, many breeds, including Cavaliers, have a genetic predisposition to juvenile cataracts, i.e., occurring in young animals. Hereditary cataracts can occur as early as six months of age and progress to complete loss of vision by two years old. The good news is that most affected lenses can be treated surgically. Cost of treatment: $1,500 to $3,000 per lens.