Common health issues
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a cardiac condition that Boxers are prone to develop. In this adult onset disease, cardiac muscle responsible for pumping the heart is replaced with fatty tissue, leading to dysfunction of the heart, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. Medical treatment centers on normalizing the heart rate and rhythm.
- Pemphigus foliaceus is an abnormal immune response to the normal layers of the skin, resulting in blisters and pustules on the skin. Crusting usually starts on the face and ears and spreads from there. Pemphigus foliaceus is diagnosed by skin biopsy, and treatment centers on suppressing the immune system.
- In Aortic Stenosis, there is a partial obstruction to the flow of blood as it leaves the left side of the heart causing the heart to work harder to pump blood to the rest of the body. This can predispose the dog to arrhythmias, heart failure, infection of the aortic valve, and sudden death. Medical treatment centers on normalizing the heart rate.
- Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.
- Elbow dysplasia is actually a collective term which refers to the effects of one or more diseases of the elbow joint which result in pain and arthritis. Many of these problems can affect both elbows and result in forelimb lameness and elbow pain, often requiring surgical correction.