Common health issues
Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart walls become thickened, making it difficult for the heart to pump properly. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can lead to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias and blood clots. Symptoms include heart murmurs and coughing.
- Hyperthyroidism is a condition of increased thyroid hormone caused by a benign thyroid tumor. It is the most common hormone imbalance seen in cats, and its hallmark clinical sign is weight loss despite a normal or increased appetite. The disease can be controlled with medication or cured with radiotherapy.
- Glaucoma is characterized by an elevation of pressure inside the eye. High pressure in the eye causes extreme discomfort and may lead to an enlarged, bulging eye and result in blindness. Treatment for glaucoma consists of life-long medical therapy, and often requires surgical removal of the affected eye. Long term prognosis for vision in the affected eye is poor.
- This rare immune-mediated disease occurs in newborn kittens. When kittens with Type A blood nurse from a mother with type B blood, antibodies from the mother attach to the kitten's red blood cells and cause them to be destroyed, leading to anemia (low red blood cells). Affected kittens are born healthy, but fail to thrive.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
- As its name implies, polycystic kidney disease is a disease in which cysts form in the kidney. This causes them to be enlarged, and disrupts their normal function. Polycystic kidney disease generally leads to kidney failure. There is no specific treatment � supportive treatment for kidney failure improves quality of life.
- The cells of the body need sugar to function and need insulin to carry sugar in through their walls. Diabetic animals do not have enough insulin to transport sugar into the cells, resulting in high blood sugar and starving cells. Treatment entails the lifelong administration of insulin shots, and usually requires frequent trips to the vet for rechecks.