Common health issues
- Amyloidosis is a group of diseases in which the protein amyloid is deposited in organs. In most cats, the liver is the target organ for deposition, and over time, amyloid deposits cause a fragile liver prone to bleeding and liver failure. The disease often appears to occur suddenly in the liver because there are few early signs.
- Cataracts describes the transparency of the lens in the eye.While cataracts are a common finding in older dogs, many breeds, including Cavaliers, have a genetic predisposition to juvenile cataracts, i.e., occurring in young animals. Hereditary cataracts can occur as early as six months of age and progress to complete loss of vision by two years old. The good news is that most affected lenses can be treated surgically. Cost of treatment: $1,500 to $3,000 per lens.
- Feline asthma, also known as allergic bronchitis, is a condition in which there is constriction of the lung’s airways. The result is a patient that cannot take in a deep breath, and may pant and wheeze. An X-ray of the chest may reveal asthma, but sometimes additional diagnostics are needed. Oral and inhalant treatment options exist for this chronic disease.
- Lymphoma is a highly malignant cancer of the lymph system, and in the case of mediastinal lymphoma, the tumor is found in the chest cavity. Eventually the tumor will spread to other organs, and while an option for chemotherapy exists, a lymphoma cure is rare to nonexistent. It is possible to obtain good quality of life during remission, however.
Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart walls become thickened, making it difficult for the heart to pump properly. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can lead to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias and blood clots. Symptoms include heart murmurs and coughing.