Common health issues
- Normally, the lens of the eye is held in place between the iris and the retina. A luxated lens lies in an abnormal position, either backward or forward of it's normal position. Treatment ranges from conservative treatment to removal of the affected eye.
Cranial Cruciate Disease
- The cranial cruciate ligament is one of the ligaments stabilizing the knee joint. Rupture of this ligament leads to joint instability and is the most common orthopedic problem in the dog. Pain and lameness result from both partial and full cruciate ligament tears, and surgery is recommended to prevent progression of joint disease.
Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD)
- With intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) one or more of the discs that sit between vertebrae break down and their extruded contents bulge into the vertebral canal, pressing on the spinal cord. Symptoms range from mild back or neck pain to paralysis of the limbs. Mild IVDD can be managed medically, but severe IVDD cases require surgery to provide relief.
- Clinical signs of hypothyroidism are caused by a decrease in normal thyroid activity. In congenital hypothyroidism, puppies will have stunted growth and other abnormalities. A blood test confirms the disease and treatment with thyroid hormone supplements is lifelong.
- Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.