Common health issues
Mitral Valve Disease
- In Mitral Valve Disease, a defect in the mitral valve causes an insufficient seal in the heart. The leaky valve allows the blood to back flow into the heart rather than flow out to the body, in turn causing the heart to work harder. Over time, mitral valve disease can lead to congestive heart failure.
- Cryptorchidism is the failure of one or more of the testicles to drop into the scrotum. Because retained testicles are prone to testicular torsion and cancer to a much higher degree, they should be surgically removed. Your veterinarian can perform surgery at your pet's normal neutering age.
- Brachycephalic Syndrome is a collection of conformational issues specific to short nosed pets, including narrowed nostrils, elongated soft palate, and a narrowed trachea, often resulting in respiratory problems. Clinical signs of this condition can be managed conservatively, but often surgery is needed to allow the dog to breathe easier.
- Cataracts describes the transparency of the lens in the eye.While cataracts are a common finding in older dogs, many breeds, including Cavaliers, have a genetic predisposition to juvenile cataracts, i.e., occurring in young animals. Hereditary cataracts can occur as early as six months of age and progress to complete loss of vision by two years old. The good news is that most affected lenses can be treated surgically. Cost of treatment: $1,500 to $3,000 per lens.
- Distichiasis is a condition in which extra hairs grow out of the area of the eyelashes. These hairs can be thick and stiff and can irritate the eye, resulting in painful corneal ulcers. There are several options for treatment, but the most common is cryosurgery to freeze the eyelid margin where the extra hairs are. Even with treatment, this condition can recur.
- A luxating patella is a knee cap that moves out of its groove � sometimes referred to as a "trick knee". It is usually caused by several inherited factors including a shallow patella groove. In individuals with moderate or severe disease, surgical correction in often recommended to prevent a progression that includes severe lameness, chronic pain and thickening of the knee.