Common health issues
Polycystic Kidney Disease
- As its name implies, polycystic kidney disease is a disease in which cysts form in the kidney. This causes them to be enlarged, and disrupts their normal function. Polycystic kidney disease generally leads to kidney failure. There is no specific treatment � supportive treatment for kidney failure improves quality of life.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy
- The retina is responsible for transmitting light to the brain where it is interpreted as an image. PRA causes deterioration of retinal cells and causes blindness. It can affect puppies as young as a few weeks old, or may appear later in life. There is no treatment or cure, but blind dogs usually can lead quite happy lives.
- Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. In some cats, severe gingivitis occurs due to hypersensitivity to the plaque surrounding the tooth. The cause of this hypersensitivity is unknown, and severe cases can cause tooth decay. Removal of the teeth (including tooth roots) seems to be curative and is recommended due to the discomfort caused in severe cases.
- Brachycephalic Syndrome is a collection of conformational issues specific to short nosed pets, including narrowed nostrils, elongated soft palate, and a narrowed trachea, often resulting in respiratory problems. Clinical signs of this condition can be managed conservatively, but often surgery is needed to allow the dog to breathe easier.
Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart walls become thickened, making it difficult for the heart to pump properly. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can lead to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias and blood clots. Symptoms include heart murmurs and coughing.
- Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.