Common health issues
Familial Kidney Disease
- In Familial Kidney Disease, the kidneys are normal at birth but deteriorate rapidly. We can start to see the signs of early kidney failure at less than one year of age and some of these patients will succumb to kidney failure within five years. Treatment centers on slowing the progression of kidney disease and managing clinical signs.
Exposure Keratopathy Syndrome
- The increased exposure of the eyeball � due to the Shih Tzu's conformation � makes them prone to chronic irritation of the surface of the eye due to increased tear evaporation. Chronic irritation is painful, and over time can cause pigmentation of the cornea leading to loss of vision. Because topical therapy provides only temporary relief, severe cases often require surgical correction.
- Entropion describes the inward rolling of the eyelid, often causing the eyelashes to come into contact with the eyeball and cause irritation and often ulceration. Many affected dogs will require surgical correction and severe cases may require multiple surgeries.
Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD)
- With intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) one or more of the discs that sit between vertebrae break down and their extruded contents bulge into the vertebral canal, pressing on the spinal cord. Symptoms range from mild back or neck pain to paralysis of the limbs. Mild IVDD can be managed medically, but severe IVDD cases require surgery to provide relief.
- Cataracts describes the transparency of the lens in the eye.While cataracts are a common finding in older dogs, many breeds, including Cavaliers, have a genetic predisposition to juvenile cataracts, i.e., occurring in young animals. Hereditary cataracts can occur as early as six months of age and progress to complete loss of vision by two years old. The good news is that most affected lenses can be treated surgically. Cost of treatment: $1,500 to $3,000 per lens.
- A luxating patella is a knee cap that moves out of its groove � sometimes referred to as a "trick knee". It is usually caused by several inherited factors including a shallow patella groove. In individuals with moderate or severe disease, surgical correction in often recommended to prevent a progression that includes severe lameness, chronic pain and thickening of the knee.