siamese breed information

common health issues

Muscular dystrophy is a progressive muscular disease seen in young dogs and cats. Clinical signs of enlarged muscles, excess salivation and stiff gait are seen in pets as young as 5 months old. Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment for muscular dystrophy, and affected pets have a poor prognosis.

Cats with mucopolysaccharidosis have a deficiency in one or more of the enzymes needed for the breakdown of mucopolysaccharides. In the Siamese cat, excess mucopolysaccharides accumulate in the skeletal and nervous system, the heart, eye and liver. This interferes with normal activity and drastically shortens the affect cat's lifespan.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. In some cats, severe gingivitis occurs due to hypersensitivity to the plaque surrounding the tooth. The cause of this hypersensitivity is unknown, and severe cases can cause tooth decay. Removal of the teeth (including tooth roots) seems to be curative and is recommended due to the discomfort caused in severe cases.

Glaucoma is characterized by an elevation of pressure inside the eye. High pressure in the eye causes extreme discomfort and may lead to an enlarged, bulging eye and result in blindness. Treatment for glaucoma consists of life-long medical therapy, and often requires surgical removal of the affected eye. Long term prognosis for vision in the affected eye is poor.

Hyperlipidemia is a general term for disorders in which there are too many fat molecules in the blood. This condition can cause no clinical signs, but can also lead to pancreatitis, skin problems and central nervous signs. Hyperlipidemia is managed through a low fat diet, and some cases require oral medications.

Amyloidosis is a group of diseases in which the protein amyloid is deposited in organs. In most cats, the liver is the target organ for deposition, and over time, amyloid deposits cause a fragile liver prone to bleeding and liver failure. The disease often appears to occur suddenly in the liver because there are few early signs.

The Siamese cat is one of several breeds from Siam (now known as Thailand). It is a truly fascinating breed, from its sleek lines to its famous voice. There are conflicting reports of its first sightings outside of Asia. Some say it was first seen when a pair named “Pho” and “Mia” was brought to Britain, but others say that it was six years earlier, in 1878, that President Rutherford B. Hayes received a Siamese cat named “Siam” as a gift from the American Consul in Bangkok. Whatever their origin here in the States, it is clear that the Siamese cat is here to stay.

The Siamese is instantly recognizable by its striking color contrast and deep blue eyes. It is a “people” cat and relishes any and all attention. The Siamese is known as a talker, and if you displease a Siamese, it will certainly let you know. The combination of curiosity and an above average intelligence have been known to get more than one Siamese cat into a bit of trouble.

While they are highly intelligent, Siamese cats are still prone to a number of hereditary and congenital conditions that can adversely affect their health and your budget. Some of the conditions and illnesses Siamese are prone to include dental problems such as gingivitis; metabolic disorders such as mucopolysaccharidosis; muscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy; organ diseases such as amyloidosis; blood disorders such as hyperlipidemia; and eye problems such as glaucoma.

Thankfully, Petplan pet insurance covers all hereditary and chronic conditions as standard. Which means if your curious Siamese has the misfortune of inheriting more than just his parents’ vocal lessons, you’re covered.

Use the condition checker tool to learn what common conditions your pet may have.

claim calculator

  • your share of the cost: $450
  • Petplan's reimbursement to you: $1,550
  • coverage remaining in policy period: Unlimited
    (full policy limits are reinstated upon renewal)