Common health issues
- A luxating patella is a knee cap that moves out of its groove � sometimes referred to as a "trick knee". It is usually caused by several inherited factors including a shallow patella groove. In individuals with moderate or severe disease, surgical correction in often recommended to prevent a progression that includes severe lameness, chronic pain and thickening of the knee.
Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD)
- With intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) one or more of the discs that sit between vertebrae break down and their extruded contents bulge into the vertebral canal, pressing on the spinal cord. Symptoms range from mild back or neck pain to paralysis of the limbs. Mild IVDD can be managed medically, but severe IVDD cases require surgery to provide relief.
- The trachea, or windpipe, is supposed to be a rigid tube. In some breeds, the cartilage rings that hold the trachea open are undeveloped or become weak and allow the trachea to flatten during respiration. Mild cases can be managed medically with cough suppressants and bronchodilators, but surgical placement of tracheal stents is recommended for some severe cases.
- In this condition, only some of the blood from the intestines passes through the liver, and the rest mixes with the general circulation, so dogs with a liver shunt have excess amount of toxins in their blood. Symptoms generally emerge by 6 months of age and include failure to gain weight, vomiting, and hepatic encephalopathy. Surgical correction is usually curative.
- Cryptorchidism is the failure of one or more of the testicles to drop into the scrotum. Because retained testicles are prone to testicular torsion and cancer to a much higher degree, they should be surgically removed. Your veterinarian can perform surgery at your pet's normal neutering age.