Page 16

FITS_emag

wag expert advice | health tips Fun in the sun can lead to sickness — sometimes faster than you think. Certain breeds have a hard time keeping cool in warm weather. To tell how well your dog can tolerate temps, consider the following: facial structure Face shape is important because your dog cools himself by moving air through his airways (panting). There are three facial types for dogs: brachycephalic — short-faced dogs like Pugs and English Bulldogs mesocephalic — average-faced dogs like the Labrador Retriever dolichocephalic — long-faced dogs like hounds The shorter the nasal cavity, the more restricted the air flow, so a brachycephalic pup has have the hardest time cooling down. body condition score (BCS) BCS is an objective way to assess your pet’s weight. An hourglass shape when viewed from above, abdominal tuck, and being able to feel the ribs are indicators that your pet is in good condition. Overweight or obese pets cannot cool themselves as well as slimmer ones. age Old dogs have a harder time getting around, and once they’ve found their sunny patch of grass to lie in, they may not be able to move out of it. Senior dogs need plenty of shade and access to fresh water. coat Just as thin-coated or hairless dogs need a sweater in winter, thick-coated and dark-colored dogs have a harder time in the heat. It’s difficult for dogs with thick fur to d issipate internal heat. And because dark colors absorb the sun, your black dog will get hotter than a light-colored dog. acclimation No matter what size or shape your dog is, acclimation to weather conditions is key to avoiding heat stroke. As temperatures warm, dogs need about 60 days to conserve water and salt, which allows them to better manage heat stress. Even with these tips, remember that your dog is an individual. He may do great in the heat or may need more shade and water breaks. Finally, no matter the dog, NEVER leave him in a car on a day that is even approaching warm, even if the windows are cracked. Cars heat up faster than you’d think, and fatal heatstroke can (and does) occur in a matter of minutes. the heat is on 14 fun in the sun issue


FITS_emag
To see the actual publication please follow the link above