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Epilepsy A neurological disease that manifests as seizures, epilepsy is often idiopathic (meaning there is no known cause), and generally begins between the ages of two and five. Treatment for this life-long condition centers on controlling seizures with oral medication. Cost of treatment: $5,000 and up Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction. Uncomplicated surgery: $1,500 to $6,000 Progressive Retinal Atrophy The retina is responsible for transmitting light to the brain, where it is interpreted as an image. PRA causes deterioration of retinal cells and leads to blindness. It can affect puppies as young as a few weeks old, or may appear later in life. There’s no treatment or cure, but blind dogs can lead happy lives. Medical and surgical treatment: $700 to $4,000 Hip Dysplasia wag expert advice


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