Common health issues
- Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. In some cats, severe gingivitis occurs due to hypersensitivity to the plaque surrounding the tooth. The cause of this hypersensitivity is unknown, and severe cases can cause tooth decay. Removal of the teeth (including tooth roots) seems to be curative and is recommended due to the discomfort caused in severe cases.
- Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a cardiac condition that Boxers are prone to develop. In this adult onset disease, cardiac muscle responsible for pumping the heart is replaced with fatty tissue, leading to dysfunction of the heart, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. Medical treatment centers on normalizing the heart rate and rhythm.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy
- The retina is responsible for transmitting light to the brain where it is interpreted as an image. PRA causes deterioration of retinal cells and causes blindness. It can affect puppies as young as a few weeks old, or may appear later in life. There is no treatment or cure, but blind dogs usually can lead quite happy lives.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
- As its name implies, polycystic kidney disease is a disease in which cysts form in the kidney. This causes them to be enlarged, and disrupts their normal function. Polycystic kidney disease generally leads to kidney failure. There is no specific treatment � supportive treatment for kidney failure improves quality of life.