Common health issues
- Hypokalemic polymyopathy is muscle weakness due to decreased potassium. Potassium levels in affected cats are low due to low potassium intake, excess loss through the gastrointestinal tract or kidney, or because of the use of some types of medications. Clinical signs include a drooping head and neck, generalized weakness and muscle pain.
- Hip dysplasia is an inherited condition in which the ball and socket of the hip joint do not fit well together, resulting in a hip with increased laxity. This laxity can lead to degenerative changes and depending on the severity, may require surgical correction.
Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart walls become thickened, making it difficult for the heart to pump properly. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can lead to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias and blood clots. Symptoms include heart murmurs and coughing.
- Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. In some cats, severe gingivitis occurs due to hypersensitivity to the plaque surrounding the tooth. The cause of this hypersensitivity is unknown, and severe cases can cause tooth decay. Removal of the teeth (including tooth roots) seems to be curative and is recommended due to the discomfort caused in severe cases.
- A luxating patella is a knee cap that moves out of its groove � sometimes referred to as a "trick knee". It is usually caused by several inherited factors including a shallow patella groove. In individuals with moderate or severe disease, surgical correction in often recommended to prevent a progression that includes severe lameness, chronic pain and thickening of the knee.