It is a shocking fact, but 1 in 3 pets will get lost during their lifetime. Without identification, 90% of them will not return home. In fact, according to the American Humane Association, only about 17% of lost dogs and 2% of lost cats ever find their way back to their original owners. Almost 4 million pets are euthanized every year because their owners can’t be found in time. If a shelter cannot determine a pet’s owner, the pet may be euthanized in as few as three days.
Though there are many identification systems available to pet owners, microchipping is probably the best form of "permanent" identification. The “microchips” used for pet identification are actually a tiny transponder encased in a special type of plastic or surgical glass.
The microchip can be implanted at your veterinarian’s office. The standard site for implantation is underneath the skin between the shoulder blades. This procedure does not require anesthesia but many young pets are chipped while undergoing their spay or neuter procedure.
Most of the microchips are active for at least 25 years. The chips are detected by special scanners that pick up a unique combination of numbers and letters that can be traced back to your pet and its associated details. In order for this trace process to be successful, make sure that any microchipped pet has been properly registered with the chip manufacturer. And update the information if you change address.
There are different types of chips available from different manufacturers; your vet will be able to advise you on which chip is best for your pet.